Current diagnostic criteria have limited clinical value for prediction of preeclampsia and fetal adverse outcomes. The prediction of short-term outcome in pregnant women with suspected preeclampsia study in Asia (PROGNOSIS Asia) was a prospective, multicenter study designed to investigate the value of the sFlt-1 (soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1)/PlGF (placental growth factor) ratio for predicting adverse outcomes in pregnant Asian women with suspected preeclampsia. Seven hundred sixty-four pregnant women at gestational week 20+0 days (18+0 days in Japan) to 36+6 days were enrolled at 25 sites in Asia. The primary objectives were to demonstrate the value of the sFlt-1/PlGF ratio for ruling out preeclampsia within 1 week and ruling in preeclampsia within 4 weeks. The value of the ratio for predicting fetal adverse outcomes was also assessed. Seven hundred patients were evaluable for primary end point analysis. The prevalence of preeclampsia was 14.4%. An sFlt-1/PlGF ratio of ≤38 had a negative predictive value of 98.6% (95% CI, 97.2%-99.4%) for ruling out preeclampsia within 1 week, with 76.5% sensitivity and 82.1% specificity. The positive predictive value of a ratio of >38 for ruling in preeclampsia within 4 weeks was 30.3% (95% CI, 23.0%-38.5%), with 62.0% sensitivity and 83.9% specificity. An sFlt-1/PlGF ratio of ≤38 had a negative predictive value of 98.9% (95% CI, 97.6%-99.6%) for ruling out fetal adverse outcomes within 1 week and a ratio of >38 had a positive predictive value of 53.5% (95% CI, 45.0%-61.8%) for ruling in fetal adverse outcomes within 4 weeks. The sFlt-1/PlGF ratio cutoff of 38 demonstrated clinical value for the short-term prediction of preeclampsia in Asian women with suspected preeclampsia, potentially helping to prevent unnecessary hospitalization and intervention.
|出版ステータス||Published - 7月 1 2019|
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