The DNA repair enzyme O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) modulates the effectiveness of alkylating agents. However, the relationship between MGMT and the sensitivities to other agents has not been explored. In the present study, the association between MGMT expression and the cellular sensitivity to the platinum agent, CDDP was examined in four human oral cancer cell lines. CDDP depleted MGMT protein and mRNA levels in all four cell lines. Two cell lines with low MGMT expression were sensitive to an alkylating agent, N-methyl-N′-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine and CDDP, whereas two other cell lines with high MGMT expression were resistant to both agents. Furthermore, the addition of the MGMT inhibitor, O6-benzylguanine (O 6-BG), invariably enhanced CDDP sensitivity. CDDP depleted MGMT expression, and CDDP sensitivity was enhanced by O6-BG. These results provide valuable information about the relationship between MGMT expression and CDDP sensitivity in oral cancer chemotherapy.
|出版ステータス||Published - 11月 2005|
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