We report scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) studies on the structural modulation-free Bi2 Sr2 CuO6 + δ in which Bi atoms are partially substituted by Pb atoms. Optimally doped sample with the superconducting transition temperature Tc = 22 K shows short atom-strings at a bias-voltage of 5 mV. Some strings are bundled and aligned along the orthogonal oriented two Cu-O-Cu directions randomly. Atom-strings are also observed in the overdoped sample (Tc = 7 K), while they are hardly seen in the heavily overdoped sample (Tc = 4.5 K). It is found that the disturbance from overdoped holes reduces the number of atom-strings and obscures every atom-string. These results indicate that the CuO2 plane possesses not only the two-dimensional electronic correlation caused by the two-dimensionality but also short-range one-dimensional one.
|ジャーナル||Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids|
|出版ステータス||Published - 12月 2008|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- 化学 (全般)