A study of spike-density on EEG in West syndrome

Makio Oka, Katsuhiro Kobayashi, Tomoyuki Akiyama, Tatsuya Ogino, Eiji Oka


21 被引用数 (Scopus)


To elucidate the pathophysiology of spasms in series, the distribution and density of spikes on hypsarrhythmia were studied in 13 patients with West syndrome by excluding slow waves from EEG using a digital filter. (1) Interictal spikes were mostly multifocal and dominant over the bilateral posterior head area with very few diffuse discharges. Therefore, spikes on hypsarrhythmia were demonstrated to occur actually depending on the brain regions although they appeared random. (2) The dominant region of interictal spikes did not correspond to the underlying focal cortical lesion in many patients, and was indicated to reflect the general process of cerebral maturation in infancy. (3) There were far fewer inter-spasm spikes, especially during the middle phase of a series of spasms, than interictal spikes. It was implied that the cortical activity of hypsarrhythmia was interfered with by the abnormal subcortical function, which might be related to the generation of spasms. (4) The dominant region of inter-spasm spikes tended to coincide with a focal cortical lesion shown by MRI and the focus of associated partial seizures.

ジャーナルBrain and Development
出版ステータスPublished - 3月 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 小児科学、周産期医学および子どもの健康
  • 発達神経科学
  • 臨床神経学


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