Our aim was to elucidate prospectively whether β2-glycoprotein I-dependent anticardiolipin antibodies (β2GPI-dependent aCL; autoimmune type) can predict an adverse pregnancy outcome in healthy pregnant women and whether β2GPI-dependent aCL should be applied for routine screening of the pregnant population. A prospective cohort study was performed on 1600 healthy pregnant women from whom blood samples were obtained at about week 10 of gestation. We used a modified enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay with which to divide the subjects into three study groups: β2GPI-dependent aCL positive, β2GPI-independent aCL positive and aCL negative. Their subsequent pregnancy outcomes were ascertained and the three study groups were compared statistically for the following poor pregnancy outcomes: intrauterine fetal death (IUFD) after 12 gestational weeks, intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) and pre-eclampsia. The total number of patients eligible for this study was 1125. The prevalence of β2GPI-dependent aCL positive was eight (0.7%), β2GPI-independent aCL positive was 17 (1.5%) and aCL negative was 1100 (97.8%). β2GPI-dependent aCL positivity was significantly associated with poor pregnancy outcome: 25.0% of β2GPI-dependent aCL-positive and 0.5% of a(l l-negative patients experienced IUFD [relative risk 52.4; 95% confidence interval (CI), 12.7 - 216.3; P = 0.0009]; 37.5% of β2GPI-dependent aCL-positive and 2.9% of aCL-negative patients experienced IUGR (relative risk 18.4; 95% CI, 4.6-74.0; P = 0.001); and 50.0% of β2GPI-dependent aCL-positive and 4.0% aCL-negative patients experienced pre-eclampsia (relative risk 22.1; 95% CI, 5.7-85.7; P = 0.0002). In contrast, β2GPI-independent aCL did not show any significant association with such adverse pregnancy outcomes. β2GPI-dependent aCL are significantly highly associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes in healthy pregnant women and can be used for prediction purposes, whereas β2GPI-independent aCL cannot. Our results suggest that routine screening for β2GPI-dependent aCL should be introduced for the general pregnant population.
|出版ステータス||Published - 3月 1996|
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