Zona reaction in porcine oocytes fertilized in vivo and in vitro as seen with scanning electron microscopy

H. Funahashi, H. Ekwall, H. Rodriguez-Martinez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

61 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Morphological changes in zona pellucidae (ZP) isolated from in vitro-matured (IVM) and ovulated porcine oocytes were compared before or after fertilization in vitro and in vivo, respectively, by using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The ZP of some ovulated or IVM oocytes and in vivo- or in vitro-fertilized (IVF) zygotes were equally split into two halves while immersed in an enzyme-inhibitor solution, using a surgical blade. After washing, intact and ZP halves were fixed in 1% glutaraldehyde solution in 0.1 M cacodylate buffer, processed, and examined using SEM. The outer surface of ZP in ovulated oocytes had a mesh-like structure. The outer morphology in IVM oocytes was more smooth although the mesh-like structure was still visible at high magnification. In in vivo zygotes and IVM-IVF zygotes, this lysed, mesh-like structure was more obvious. The inner surface of ZP had some small depressions (orifices). The mean number of orifices per 100 μm2 of ZP surface was larger in IVM oocytes as compared to ovulated ones. The number of orifices per 100 μm2 decreased in IVM-IVF zygotes as compared to IVM oocytes; whereas, in vivo zygotes did not differ from ovulated oocytes. The mean diameter of intact ZP as well as their mean thickness was greater in ovulated oocytes than IVM oocytes. The mean thickness of the ZP was larger in ovulated oocytes than IVM ones. The ZP thickness was larger in zygotes than in in vivo oocytes, whereas that of IVM-IVF zygotes did not differ from that of IVM oocytes. These results indicate that the morphology of ZP and the ZP reaction at sperm penetration appears to be much different between IVM oocytes and ovulated ones.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1437-1442
Number of pages6
JournalBiology of reproduction
Volume63
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2000

Keywords

  • Fertilization
  • IVF/ART
  • Ovum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Cell Biology

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