Xylitol carryover effects on salivary mutans streptococci after 13 months of chewing xylitol gum

C. Shinga-Ishihara, Y. Nakai, P. Milgrom, E. Söderling, M. Tolvanen, K. Murakami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To assess mutans streptococci (MS) during xylitol gum chewing (mean 3.8 g/day, 2.9 times/day) for 13 months and then for 15 months after the intervention, Japanese mothers with high salivary MS were randomized into two groups: xylitol gum (n = 56) and no gum (n = 51). The proportion of low MS levels was highest at 3 months of consumption (48.8%), but was significantly lower compared to baseline at the end of the intervention (p < 0.001). MS levels did not change during the postintervention period. The data suggest that in the xylitol group 23.3% showed persistent carryover effects by xylitol gum chewing in the postintervention period.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)519-522
Number of pages4
JournalCaries Research
Volume46
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2012

Keywords

  • Chewing gum
  • Mutans streptococci
  • Pregnant women
  • Saliva
  • Xylitol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Xylitol carryover effects on salivary mutans streptococci after 13 months of chewing xylitol gum'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this