Xylitol carryover effects on salivary mutans streptococci after 13 months of chewing xylitol gum

C. Shinga-Ishihara, Y. Nakai, P. Milgrom, E. Söderling, M. Tolvanen, K. Murakami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To assess mutans streptococci (MS) during xylitol gum chewing (mean 3.8 g/day, 2.9 times/day) for 13 months and then for 15 months after the intervention, Japanese mothers with high salivary MS were randomized into two groups: xylitol gum (n = 56) and no gum (n = 51). The proportion of low MS levels was highest at 3 months of consumption (48.8%), but was significantly lower compared to baseline at the end of the intervention (p < 0.001). MS levels did not change during the postintervention period. The data suggest that in the xylitol group 23.3% showed persistent carryover effects by xylitol gum chewing in the postintervention period.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)519-522
Number of pages4
JournalCaries Research
Volume46
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Chewing gum
  • Mutans streptococci
  • Pregnant women
  • Saliva
  • Xylitol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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    Shinga-Ishihara, C., Nakai, Y., Milgrom, P., Söderling, E., Tolvanen, M., & Murakami, K. (2012). Xylitol carryover effects on salivary mutans streptococci after 13 months of chewing xylitol gum. Caries Research, 46(6), 519-522. https://doi.org/10.1159/000341221