Amorphous tungsten trioxide films were prepared from iso-polytungstic acid as a precursor and by RF magnetron sputtering method. Framework structure was investigated based on X-ray diffraction analyses, in which amplitude function as well as radial distribution function was used. And the previously reported films prepared by vacuum evaporation and an ion exchange method using Na2WO4·2H2O as a precursor were also re-examined. It was found that, in the films derived from iso-polytungstic acid, the framework had a similar manner to that in hexagonal-WO3 crystal, whose framework was constructed by 3-, 4- and 6-membered rings formed by WO6 octahedra. It was supposed that edge-sharing polyhedra and tungsten and/or WO6 defects were present in the as-prepared film and changed to corner-sharing connection and continuous framework by post-annealing. It was also suggested that structural water was present in a hexagonal tunnel in the framework. These structural characteristics were also observed in the films prepared by vacuum evaporation and ion exchange methods. As for the sputtered films, formation of two framework-types without structural water was confirmed. The hexagonal-WO3 like framework was formed in the films prepared under a low O2 partial pressure, and tetragonal-WO3 like one with an ordinary ReO3-type structure made up with 4-membered rings was produced at a high O2 pressure.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Nippon Seramikkusu Kyokai Gakujutsu Ronbunshi/Journal of the Ceramic Society of Japan|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 1995|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ceramics and Composites
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Materials Chemistry