The structure of (100-x)Bi2O3·xLi2O (25≤x≤35mol%) glasses has been investigated by means of X-ray and neutron scattering methods. Comparing the glasses with several bismuthate crystals in total correlation function T(r), it is concluded that a large amount of edge-sharing BiOn polyhedra are present in the glasses and the network structure is similar to the Bi2O4 crystal. In the crystal, BiO6 octahedra form a layer sharing their four corners mutually, and the BiO4+4 distorted polyhedra are placed between the layers sharing all the edges with the neighboring polyhedra. Assuming two different Li sites in the Bi2O4-based structure, structural models were constructed to compare T(r), from which it was suggested that some Li ions substituted for the octahedral Bi site and some occupied an interstitial vacant site. In addition, the glasses have various defects such as excess O ions, positive-holes on O ions, vacant space to accept atmospheric oxygens, and Bi vacancies. The glass formation is sensitive to the melting conditions, such as temperature and period, suggesting that there exists some optimum quantity in the defect structures.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Ceramics and Composites
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Materials Chemistry