X-Irradiation at 0.5 Gy after the forced swim test reduces forced swimming-induced immobility in mice

Takahiro Kataoka, Hina Shuto, Junki Yano, Shota Naoe, Tsuyoshi Ishida, Tetsuya Nakada, Keiko Yamato, Katsumi Hanamoto, Takaharu Nomura, Kiyonori Yamaoka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The forced swim test (FST) is a screening model for antidepressant activity; it causes immobility and induces oxidative stress. We previously reported that radon inhalation has antidepressant-like effects in mice potentially through the activation of antioxidative functions upon radon inhalation. This study aimed to investigate the effect of prior and post low-dose X-irradiation (0.1, 0.5, 1.0 and 2.0 Gy) on FST-induced immobility and oxidative stress in the mouse brain, and the differences, if any, between the two. Mice received X-irradiation before or after the FST repeatedly for 5 days. In the post-FST-irradiated group, an additional FST was conducted 4 h after the last irradiation. Consequently, animals receiving prior X-irradiation (0.1 Gy) had better mobility outcomes than sham-irradiated mice; however, their levels of lipid peroxide (LPO), an oxidative stress marker, remained unchanged. However, animals that received post-FST X-irradiation (0.5 Gy) had better mobility outcomes and their LPO levels were significantly lower than those of the sham-irradiated mice. The present results indicate that 0.5 Gy X-irradiation after FST inhibits FST-induced immobility and oxidative stress in mice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)517-523
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of radiation research
Volume61
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 6 2020

Keywords

  • X-irradiation
  • antioxidants
  • brain
  • forced swim test
  • oxidative stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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