Mutations in Wilms tumor 1 (WT1) have been reported in 10-22 % of patients with cytogenetically normal acute myeloid leukemia (CN-AML), but the prognostic implications of these abnormalities have not been clarified in either adults or children. One hundred and fifty-seven pediatric AML patients were analyzed for WT1 mutations around hotspots at exons 7 and 9; however, amplification of the WT1 gene by the reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction was not completed in four cases (2.5 %). Of the 153 evaluable patients, 10 patients (6.5 %) had a mutation in WT1. The incidence of WT1 mutations was significantly higher in CN-AML than in others (15.2 vs. 4.5 %, respectively, P = 0.03). Of the 10 WT1-mutated cases, eight (80 %) had mutations in other genes, including FLT3-ITD in two cases, FLT3-D835 mutation in two, KIT mutation in three, MLL-PTD in three, NRAS mutation in one, and KRAS mutation in two (in some cases, more than one additional gene was mutated). The incidences of KIT and FLT3-D835 mutations were significantly higher in patients with than in those without WT1 mutation. No significant differences were observed in the 3-year overall survival and disease-free survival; however, the presence of WT1 mutation was related to a poor prognosis in patients with CN-AML, excluding those with FLT3-ITD and those younger than 3 years.
- Acute myeloid leukemia
- Cytogenetically normal acute myeloid leukemia
- WT1 mutation
ASJC Scopus subject areas