Whole tooth regeneration as a future dental treatment

Masamitsu Oshima, Takashi Tsuji

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dental problems caused by dental caries, periodontal disease and tooth injury compromise the oral and general health issues. Current advances for the development of regenerative therapy have been influenced by our understanding of embryonic development, stem cell biology, and tissue engineering technology. Tooth regenerative therapy for tooth tissue repair and whole tooth replacement is currently expected a novel therapeutic concept with the full recovery of tooth physiological functions. Dental stem cells and cell-activating cytokines are thought to be candidate approach for tooth tissue regeneration because they have the potential to differentiate into tooth tissues in vitro and in vivo. Whole tooth replacement therapy is considered to be an attractive concept for next generation regenerative therapy as a form of bioengineered organ replacement. For realization of whole tooth regeneration, we have developed a novel threedimensional cell manipulation method designated the “organ germ method”. This method involves compartmentalisation of epithelial and mesenchymal cells at a high cell density to mimic multicellular assembly conditions and epithelial-mesenchymal interactions in organogenesis. The bioengineered tooth germ generates a structurally correct tooth in vitro, and erupted successfully with correct tooth structure when transplanted into the oral cavity. We have ectopically generated a bioengineered tooth unit composed of a mature tooth, periodontal ligament and alveolar bone, and that tooth unit was engrafted into an adult jawbone through bone integration. Bioengineered teeth were also able to perform physiological tooth functions such as mastication, periodontal ligament function and response to noxious stimuli. In this review, we describe recent findings and technologies underpinning whole tooth regenerative therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
PublisherSpringer New York LLC
Pages255-269
Number of pages15
Volume881
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Publication series

NameAdvances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Volume881
ISSN (Print)00652598
ISSN (Electronic)22148019

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Keywords

  • Dental tissue engineering
  • Organ germ
  • Stem cells
  • Tooth germ
  • Tooth replacement
  • Whole tooth regeneration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Oshima, M., & Tsuji, T. (2015). Whole tooth regeneration as a future dental treatment. In Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology (Vol. 881, pp. 255-269). (Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology; Vol. 881). Springer New York LLC. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-22345-2_14