Whole-genome analysis of clinical vibrio cholerae o1 in Kolkata, India, and Dhaka, Bangladesh, reveals two lineages of circulating strains, indicating variation in genomic attributes

Daichi Morita, Masatomo Morita, Munirul Alam, Asish K. Mukhopadhyay, Fatema Tuz Johura, Marzia Sultana, Shirajum Monira, Niyaz Ahmed, Goutam Chowdhury, Shanta Dutta, Thandavarayan Ramamurthy, Prosenjit Samanta, Eizo Takahashi, Keinosuke Okamoto, Hidemasa Izumiya, Makoto Ohnishi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Vibrio cholerae serogroup O1 is responsible for epidemic and pandemic cholera and remains a global public health threat. This organism has been well es-tablished as a resident flora of the aquatic environment that alters its phenotypic and genotypic attributes for better adaptation to the environment. To reveal the diversity of clinical isolates of V. cholerae O1 in the Bay of Bengal, we performed whole-genome sequencing of isolates from Kolkata, India, and Dhaka, Bangladesh, collected between 2009 and 2016. Comparison with global isolates by phylogenetic analysis placed the current isolates in two Asian lineages, with lineages 1 and 2 pre-dominant in Dhaka and Kolkata, respectively. Each lineage possessed different genetic traits in the cholera toxin B subunit gene, Vibrio seventh pandemic island II, integrative and conjugative element, and antibiotic-resistant genes. Thus, although recent global transmission of V. cholerae O1 from South Asia has been attributed only to isolates of lineage 2, another distinct lineage exists in Bengal. IMPORTANCE Cholera continues to be a global concern, as large epidemics have occurred recently in Haiti, Yemen, and countries of sub-Saharan Africa. A single lineage of Vibrio cholerae O1 has been considered to be introduced into these regions from South Asia and to cause the spread of cholera. Using genomic epidemiology, we showed that two distinct lineages exist in Bengal, one of which is linked to the global lineage. The other lineage was found only in Iran, Iraq, and countries in Asia and differed from the global lineage regarding cholera toxin variant and drug resistance profile. Therefore, the potential transmission of this lineage to other regions would likely cause worldwide cholera spread and may result in this lineage replacing the current global lineage.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere01227-20
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalmBio
Volume11
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2020

Keywords

  • Genomics
  • Lineage
  • Phylogenetic analysis
  • Whole-genome sequencing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Virology

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