White mica K-Ar geochronology of Sanbagawa eclogites from Southwest Japan: Implications for deformation-controlled K-Ar closure temperature

Tetsumaru Itaya, Tatsuki Tsujimori

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    Abstract

    White mica (phengite and paragonite) K-Ar ages of eclogite-facies Sanbagawa metamorphic rocks (15 eclogitic rocks and eight associated pelitic schists) from four different localities yielded ages of 84-89 Ma (Seba, central Shikoku), 78-80 Ma (Nishi-Iratsu, central Shikoku), 123 and 136 Ma (Gongen, central Shikoku), and 82-88 Ma (Kotsu/Bizan, eastern Shikoku). With the exception of a quartz-rich kyanite-bearing eclogite from Gongen, white mica ages overlap with the previously known range of phengite K-Ar ages of pelitic schists of the Sanbagawa metamorphic belt and can be distinguished from those of the Shimanto metamorphic belt. The similarity of K-Ar ages between the eclogites and surrounding pelitic schists supports a geological setting wherein the eclogites experienced intense ductile deformation with pelitic schists during exhumation. In contrast, phengite extracted from the Gongen eclogite, which is less overprinted by a ductile shear deformation during exhumation, yielded significantly older ages. Given that the Gongen eclogite is enclosed by the Higashi-Akaishi meta-peridotite body, these K-Ar ages are attributed to excess 40Ar gained during an interaction between the eclogite and host meta-peridotite with mantle-derived noble gas (very high 40Ar/36Ar ratio) at eclogite-facies depth. Fluid exchange between deep-subducted sediments and mantle material might have enhanced the gain of mantle-derived extreme 40Ar in the meta-sediment. Although dynamic recrystallization of white mica can reset the Ar isotope system, limited-argon-depletion due to lesser degrees of ductile shear deformation of the Gongen eclogite might have prevented complete release of the trapped excess argon from phengites. This observation supports a model of deformation-controlled K-Ar closure temperature.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1014-1022
    Number of pages9
    JournalInternational Geology Review
    Volume57
    Issue number5-8
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jun 11 2015

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    Keywords

    • eclogites
    • excess argon
    • Pacific-type orogen
    • phengite K-Ar geochronology
    • Sanbagawa metamorphic belt

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Geology

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