Visualization of oxidative stress induced by experimental periodontitis in keap1-dependent oxidative stress detector-luciferase mice

Kota Kataoka, Daisuke Ekuni, Takaaki Tomofuji, Koichiro Irie, Muneyoshi Kunitomo, Yoko Uchida, Daiki Fukuhara, Manabu Morita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate whether a Keap1-dependent oxidative stress detector-luciferase (OKD-LUC) mouse model would be useful for the visualization of oxidative stress induced by experimental periodontitis. A ligature was placed around the mandibular first molars for seven days to induce periodontitis. Luciferase activity was measured with an intraperitoneal injection ofD-luciferin on days 0, 1, and 7. The luciferase activity in the periodontitis group was significantly greater than that in the control group at seven days. The expressions of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) and malondialdehyde in periodontal tissue were significantly higher in the periodontitis group than in the control group. Immunofluorescent analysis confirmed that the nuclear translocation of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) occurred more frequently in the periodontitis group than in the control group. This study found that under oxidative stress induced by experimental periodontitis, the Nrf2/antioxidant defense pathway was activated and could be visualized from the luciferase activity in the OKD-LUC model. Thus, the OKD-LUC mouse model may be useful for exploring the mechanism underlying the relationship between the Nrf2/antioxidant defense pathway and periodontitis by enabling the visualization of oxidative stress over time.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1907
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Volume17
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 16 2016

Keywords

  • Heme oxygenase-1
  • Luciferase activity
  • Nrf2
  • Oxidative stress
  • Periodontitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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