Villous atrophy in the terminal ileum is a specific endoscopic finding correlated with histological evidence and poor prognosis in acute graft-versus-host disease after allo-hematopoietic stem cell transplantation

Yuusaku Sugihara, Sakiko Hiraoka, Nobuharu Fujii, Shiho Takashima, Yasushi Yamasaki, Toshihiro Inokuchi, Masahiro Takahara, Kenji Kuwaki, Keita Harada, Takehiro Tanaka, Hiroyuki Okada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a common complication of allo-hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Endoscopic biopsy can provide a definitive diagnosis, but the optimal endoscopic approach for diagnosis remains uncertain. This study evaluated whether ileocolonoscopic imaging can predict acute GVHD severity after allo-HSCT. Methods: Consecutive patients who underwent allo-HSCT were referred to our institution, and those diagnosed with acute GVHD by pathology were included in this retrospective study. Results: Fifty-one of 261 patients who underwent ileocolonoscopy were suspected to have acute intestinal GVHD. We performed univariate and multivariate conditional logistic regression with stepwise variable selection; villous atrophy in the terminal ileum remained a statistically significant predictor of GVHD severity (odds ratio, 4.69; 95% confidence interval, 1.07-20.60, P = 0.04). Patients were classified into three groups based on ileal endoscopic findings in the terminal ileum: group S, GVHD with severe villous atrophy; group M, mild atrophy; and group N, no atrophy. Compared with patients in groups M and N, those in group S had significant clinical GVHD at diagnosis (P = 0.03). In group S, three of four, compared with five of 13 patients in groups M and N, required the addition of second-line agents (P = 0.02). Conclusions: This study showed that severe atrophy of the terminal ileum predicts severe clinical GVHD that is likely to be refractory to steroid treatment. Thus, the severity of terminal ileum atrophy may serve as a tool in predicting clinically severe GVHD.

Original languageEnglish
Article number111
JournalBMC Gastroenterology
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 11 2018

Keywords

  • Acute graft-versus-host disease
  • Ileocolonoscopy
  • Terminal ileum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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