Videoendoscopic assessment of swallowing function to predict the future incidence of pneumonia of the elderly

N. Takahashi, T. Kikutani, F. Tamura, M. Groher, T. Kuboki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of the present study was to examine what dysphagic signs identified by videoendoscopy (VE) could predict the incidence of pneumonia and body weight loss in elderly patients living in nursing homes. This study was performed at six nursing care facilities in Japan from March 2007 to February 2009. The 148 subjects (85·1±8·0years, male/female: 43/105) were evaluated for their feeding and swallowing movements by clinical and VE examinations during the consumption of a regular meal. The VE examination items included the existence/absence of pharyngeal residue, laryngeal penetration, and aspiration of food and saliva. The patients were followed-up for 3months with individualized feeding therapy based on the results of the clinical/VE examination at baseline, and the incidence of pneumonia was examined as the primary outcome. In patients without pneumonia, the body weight change was also measured as a secondary outcome. The risk factors for pneumonia and body weight loss (of 3% or more) were identified among the clinical/VE examination items by a Cox proportional hazard analysis. Even with elaborative feeding therapy, 12 (8·1%) of the 148 patients developed pneumonia during the 3months follow-up period. The existence of signs of 'silent aspiration of saliva' or 'aspiration of saliva' detected by VE examination was a significant risk factor for both pneumonia and a body weight loss of 3% or more. This study shows that 'aspiration of saliva' detected by VE is a significant risk factor for both pneumonia and body weight loss in elderly patients living in nursing homes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)429-437
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of oral rehabilitation
Volume39
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2012

Keywords

  • Aspiration of saliva
  • Aspiration-related pneumonia
  • Body weight loss
  • Dysphagia
  • Videoendoscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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