Vibrio vulnificus may produce a metalloprotease causing an edematous skin lesion in vivo

Shin ichi Miyoshi, Yoshihiro Hirata, Ken ichi Tomochika, Sumio Shinoda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Vibrio vulnificus, an opportunistic human pathogen, secretes a metalloprotease which has been suspected of being the causative factor for edematous skin lesions. The antibody against α-macroglobulin, the sole plasma inactivator of V. vulnificus metalloprotease, delayed clearance of the protease administered into dorsal skin, and increased the edema-forming abiligy of living bacterial cells. The derivative of the protease, which is resistant to the inactivating action of α-macroglobulin, was not excluded from the dorsal skin. Furthermore, the vibrio inoculated into the mammalian serum was found to produce the protease in adequate amounts. These results suggest that V. vulnificus secretes a metalloprotease into the interstitial-tissue space, resulting in the development of an edematous skin lesion, and that the protease is immediately inactivated by α-macroglobulin and subsequently exluded.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)321-325
Number of pages5
JournalFEMS Microbiology Letters
Volume121
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 1994

Keywords

  • Metalloprotease
  • Skin lesion
  • Vibrio vulnificus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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