Very Fast Rhythmic Activity on Scalp EEG Associated with Epileptic Spasms

Katsuhiro Kobayashi, Makio Oka, Tomoyuki Akiyama, Takushi Inoue, Kiyoko Abiru, Tatsuya Ogino, Harumi Yoshinaga, Yoko Ohtsuka, Eiji Oka

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106 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: Very fast activity was investigated on the ictal EEGs of epileptic spasms to elucidate the pathophysiology of West syndrome (WS) and related disorders from a novel point of view. Methods: The traces of scalp ictal EEG of spasms temporally were expanded in 11 patients whose clinical diagnosis was symptomatic WS in six, cryptogenic WS in two, Aicardi syndrome in one, and symptomatic generalized epilepsy after WS in the remaining two. Time evolution of averaged power spectra of the ictal fast activity also was analyzed in each patient. Results: Rhythmic gamma activity with frequency ranging from 50 to 100 Hz was detected in a total of 345 of 537 spasms. Fast activity was seen bilaterally in nine patients, was lateralized to one hemisphere in another, and appeared independently on each hemisphere in the remaining infant with Aicardi syndrome. Power spectra showed a clear peak corresponding to spasm-associated gamma rhythm, with frequency centering ∼65 Hz and ranging from 51 to 98 Hz. The morphology and spectral characteristics of ictal gamma rhythm were completely different from those of muscle activity or alternating current (AC) artifacts. Conclusions: Spasm-associated gamma activity was clearly detected on the scalp. This observation may provide a clue to the pathophysiology of spasms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)488-496
Number of pages9
JournalEpilepsia
Volume45
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2004

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Keywords

  • EEG
  • Frequency analysis
  • Gamma activity
  • Spasms
  • West syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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