Venous thromboembolism in patients with acute thoracolumbar spinal cord injury

Takuya Morita, Yoshihisa Sugimoto, Tomoyuki Takigawa, Haruo Misawa, Yasuo Itoc, Toshifumi Ozaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a major complication in patients with acute spinal cord injury. There are few reports of VTE with acute thoracolumbar spinal cord injury (TLSCI). We assessed the incidence of VTE with acute TLSCI using color Doppler ultrasonography. We retrospectively assessed 75 patients with acute TLSCI (T1 to L1). All patients were surgically treated. VTE of the lower extremity and pelvis was assessed using color Doppler ultrasound regardless of whether symptoms were present. This retrospective study included patients who were assessed between 6 and 10 days (mean 8.1 days) after injury. VTE was detected in 27 of the 75 patients (35.7%) with or without paralysis. Of the 13 patients who had complete motor paralysis, 8 (62%) had VTE; of the 31 patients with incomplete motor paralysis, 10 (32%) had VTE, and of the 31 patients without motor paralysis, 9 (29%) had VTE. Among the patients with TLSCI, those with VTE had a significantly higher mean age than those without. The incidence of VTE in TLSCI patients is not related to the severity of paralysis in a Japanese population. The incidence appears to be related primarily to age.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)375-378
Number of pages4
JournalActa medica Okayama
Volume72
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Complication
  • Paralysis
  • Thoracolumbar spinal cord injury
  • Trauma
  • Venous thromboembolism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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