Venetoclax plus azacitidine in Japanese patients with untreated acute myeloid leukemia ineligible for intensive chemotherapy

Kazuhito Yamamoto, Atsushi Shinagawa, Courtney D. DiNardo, Keith W. Pratz, Kenichi Ishizawa, Toshihiro Miyamoto, Norio Komatsu, Yasuhiro Nakashima, Chikashi Yoshida, Noriko Fukuhara, Kensuke Usuki, Takahiro Yamauchi, Noboru Asada, Norio Asou, Ilseung Choi, Yasushi Miyazaki, Hideyuki Honda, Sumiko Okubo, Misaki Kurokawa, Ying ZhouJiuhong Zha, Jalaja Potluri, Itaru Matsumura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The phase 3 VIALE-A trial (NCT02993523) reported that venetoclax-azacitidine significantly prolonged overall survival compared with placebo-azacitidine in patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia ineligible for intensive chemotherapy. Herein, efficacy and safety of venetoclax-azacitidine are analyzed in the Japanese subgroup of VIALE-A patients. METHODS: Eligible Japanese patients were randomized 2:1 to venetoclax-azacitidine (N = 24) or placebo-azacitidine (N = 13). Primary endpoints for Japan were overall survival and complete response (CR) + CR with incomplete hematologic recovery (CRi). Venetoclax (target dose 400 mg) was given orally once daily. Azacitidine (75 mg/m2) was administered subcutaneously or intravenously on Days 1-7 of each 28-day cycle. RESULTS: Median follow-up was 16.3 months (range, 1.0-20.3). Median overall survival was not reached with venetoclax-azacitidine (hazard ratio 0.409 and 95% confidence interval: 0.151, 1.109); overall survival estimate was higher with venetoclax-azacitidine than placebo-azacitidine at 12 (67 and 46%) and 18 months (57 and 31%), respectively. CR and CRi rates were 67% with venetoclax-azacitidine and 15% with placebo-azacitidine. Most common any-grade adverse events were febrile neutropenia (79 and 39%), thrombocytopenia (54 and 77%), constipation (54 and 54%) and decreased appetite (54 and 38%) in the venetoclax-azacitidine and placebo-azacitidine arms, respectively. Only 1 patient in the venetoclax-azacitidine arm, and no patients in the placebo-azacitidine arm, had grade 4 febrile neutropenia that led to treatment discontinuation. CONCLUSIONS: This Japanese subgroup analysis of VIALE-A demonstrates comparable safety and efficacy outcomes compared with the global study and supports venetoclax-azacitidine as first-line standard-of-care for Japanese treatment-naive patients with acute myeloid leukemia who are ineligible for intensive chemotherapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-38
Number of pages10
JournalJapanese journal of clinical oncology
Volume52
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 3 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • acute myeloid leukemia
  • azacitidine
  • Japan
  • venetoclax
  • VIALE-A

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research

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