Vascular occlusion with 0.035-inch hydrogel expandable coils in congenital heart diseases and vascular anomalies

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Abstract

Background: We present our experience with transcatheter vascular occlusion using 0.035-inch hydrogel expandable coils, which has been reported only in a few cases in the pediatric cardiology fields. Methods: This study is a retrospective analysis of all patients who underwent transcatheter embolization with 0.035-inch hydrogel coils at the Department of Pediatrics, Okayama University Hospital, between October 2018 and September 2020. Results: Twenty patients with a median age of 5.1 years (0.05–26.0 years) and a median weight of 13.8 kg (3.0–56.8 kg) were included. A total of fifty-four 0.035-inch hydrogel coils, including 35 Azur 35 and nineteen Azur CX 35 coils (Terumo, Tokyo, Japan), were successfully deployed in 22 target vessels. The target vessels consisted of 10 aortopulmonary collaterals, 8 veno-venous collaterals, and 4 pulmonary arteriovenous malformations. We achieved technical success in all the target vessels. In total, the mean target vessel diameter was 4.4 mm, the mean number of 0.035-inch hydrogel coils was 2.5 per vessel. The mean device to vessel ratio was 1.6 for the anchor coil and 1.2 for the additional coil. Post-implantation angiograms revealed that the primary occlusion rate was 18/22 (82%). There were no periprocedural complications. Conclusions: The 0.035-inch hydrogel expandable coils are effective and safe in patients with congenital heart disease and vascular anomalies. These occlusion devices could be valuable options for interventional pediatric cardiologists.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of cardiology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • Catheter intervention
  • Coil embolization
  • Congenital heart disease
  • Hydrogel coil

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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