Variation in root-to-shoot translocation of cadmium and zinc among different accessions of the hyperaccumulators Thlaspi caerulescens and Thlaspi praecox

J. P. Xing, R. F. Jiang, D. Ueno, J. F. Ma, H. Schat, S. P. McGrath, F. J. Zhao

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    83 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    • Efficient root-to-shoot translocation is a key trait of the zinc/cadmium hyperaccumulators Thlaspi caerulescens and Thlaspi praecox, but the extent of variation among different accessions and the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. • Root-to-shoot translocation of Cd and Zn and apoplastic bypass flow were determined in 10 accessions of T. caerulescens and one of T. praecox, using radiolabels 109Cd and 65Zn. Two contrasting accessions (Pr and Ga) of T. caerulescens were further characterized for TcHMA4 expression and metal compartmentation in roots. • Root-to-shoot translocation of 109Cd and 65Zn after 1 d exposure varied 4.4 to 5-fold among the 11 accessions, with a significant correlation between the two metals, but no significant correlation with uptake or the apoplastic bypass flow. The F2 progeny from a cross between accessions from Prayon, Belgium (Pr) and Ganges, France (Ga) showed a continuous phenotype pattern and transgression. There was no significant difference in the TcHMA4 expression in roots between Pr and Ga. Compartmentation analysis showed a higher percentage of 109Cd sequestered in the root vacuoles of Ga than Pr, the former being less efficient in translocation than the latter. • Substantial natural variation exists in the root-to-shoot translocation of Cd and Zn, and root vacuolar sequestration may be an important factor related to this variation.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)315-325
    Number of pages11
    JournalNew Phytologist
    Volume178
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Apr 2008

    Keywords

    • Cadmium
    • Compartmentation
    • Hyperaccumulation
    • Thlaspi caerulescens
    • Thlaspi praecox
    • Translocation
    • Zinc

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Physiology
    • Plant Science

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