Variation in β-amylase activity and thermostability in Tibetan annual wild and cultivated barley genotypes

Hai tao Zhang, Tian long Chen, Bing lin Zhang, De zhi Wu, Ye chang Huang, Fei bo Wu, Guo ping Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

β-Amylase activity (BAA) and thermostability (BAT) are important traits for malt quality. In this study, 138 Tibetan annual wild barley accessions and 20 cultivated genotypes differing in BAA were planted and analyzed in 2009 and 2012. Significant differences were detected among genotypes in BAA and BAT. The cultivated genotypes had a mean BAA of 1137.6 U/g and a range of from 602.1 to 1407.5 U/g, while the wild accessions had a mean of 1517.9 U/g and a range of from 829.7 to 2310.0 U/g. The cultivated genotypes had a mean relative residual β-amylase activity (RRBAA) of 61.6% and a range of from 22.2% to 82.3%, while the wild barleys had a mean of 57.8% and a range of from 21.9% to 96.1%. Moreover, there was a significant difference among genotypes in the response of RRBAA to the temperature and duration of heat treatment. The wild barleys had wider variation in BAA and BAT than cultivated genotypes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)801-808
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Zhejiang University: Science B
Volume15
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Hordeum
Amylases
thermal stability
amylases
barley
Genotype
genotype
Heat treatment
malt
Temperature
Hot Temperature
heat treatment
duration
temperature

Keywords

  • Barley
  • Thermostability
  • Tibet
  • β-Amylase activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine(all)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)
  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Variation in β-amylase activity and thermostability in Tibetan annual wild and cultivated barley genotypes. / Zhang, Hai tao; Chen, Tian long; Zhang, Bing lin; Wu, De zhi; Huang, Ye chang; Wu, Fei bo; Zhang, Guo ping.

In: Journal of Zhejiang University: Science B, Vol. 15, No. 9, 2014, p. 801-808.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zhang, Hai tao ; Chen, Tian long ; Zhang, Bing lin ; Wu, De zhi ; Huang, Ye chang ; Wu, Fei bo ; Zhang, Guo ping. / Variation in β-amylase activity and thermostability in Tibetan annual wild and cultivated barley genotypes. In: Journal of Zhejiang University: Science B. 2014 ; Vol. 15, No. 9. pp. 801-808.
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AU - Chen, Tian long

AU - Zhang, Bing lin

AU - Wu, De zhi

AU - Huang, Ye chang

AU - Wu, Fei bo

AU - Zhang, Guo ping

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AB - β-Amylase activity (BAA) and thermostability (BAT) are important traits for malt quality. In this study, 138 Tibetan annual wild barley accessions and 20 cultivated genotypes differing in BAA were planted and analyzed in 2009 and 2012. Significant differences were detected among genotypes in BAA and BAT. The cultivated genotypes had a mean BAA of 1137.6 U/g and a range of from 602.1 to 1407.5 U/g, while the wild accessions had a mean of 1517.9 U/g and a range of from 829.7 to 2310.0 U/g. The cultivated genotypes had a mean relative residual β-amylase activity (RRBAA) of 61.6% and a range of from 22.2% to 82.3%, while the wild barleys had a mean of 57.8% and a range of from 21.9% to 96.1%. Moreover, there was a significant difference among genotypes in the response of RRBAA to the temperature and duration of heat treatment. The wild barleys had wider variation in BAA and BAT than cultivated genotypes.

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