Variable unstressed volume keeps normal distributions of canine left ventricular contractility and total mechanical energy under atrial fibrillation

Satoshi Mohri, Juichiro Shimizu, Haruo Ito, Hiroki Yamaguchi, Shunji Sano, Miyako Takaki, Hiroyuki Suga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We have reported that the contractility index (Emax) and the total mechanical energy (PVA) of arrhythmic beats of the left ventricle (LV) distribute normally in canine hearts under electrically induced atrial fibrillation (AF). Here, Emax is the ventricular elastance as the slope of the end-systolic (ES) pressure-volume (P-V) relation (ESPVR), and PVA is the systolic P-V area as the sum of the external mechanical work within the P-V loop and the elastic potential energy under the ESPVR. To obtain Emax and PVA, we had to assume the systolic unstressed volume (Vo) as the V-axis intercept of the ESPVR to be constant despite the varying Emax, since there was no method to obtain Vo directly in each arrhythmic beat. However, we know that in regular stable beats Vo decreases by ∼7 ml/100 g LV with ∼100 times the increases in Emax from ∼0.2 mmHg/(ml/100 g LV) of almost arresting weak beats to ∼20 mmHg/(ml/100 g LV) of strong beats with a highly enhanced contractility. In the present study, we investigated whether Emax and PVA under AF could still distribute normally, despite such Emax-dependent Vo changes. The present analyses showed that the Emax changes were only ∼3 times at most from the weakest to the strongest arrhythmic beat under AF. These changes were not large enough to affect Vo enough to distort the frequency distributions of Emax and PVA from normality. We conclude that one could practically ignore the slight Emax and PVA changes with the Emax-dependent Vo changes under AF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)255-264
Number of pages10
JournalJapanese Journal of Physiology
Volume55
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005

Fingerprint

Normal Distribution
Atrial Fibrillation
Heart Ventricles
Canidae
Pressure
Blood Pressure

Keywords

  • Arrhythmia
  • Cardiac function
  • E
  • Frequency distribution
  • PVA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

Cite this

Variable unstressed volume keeps normal distributions of canine left ventricular contractility and total mechanical energy under atrial fibrillation. / Mohri, Satoshi; Shimizu, Juichiro; Ito, Haruo; Yamaguchi, Hiroki; Sano, Shunji; Takaki, Miyako; Suga, Hiroyuki.

In: Japanese Journal of Physiology, Vol. 55, No. 5, 2005, p. 255-264.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mohri, Satoshi ; Shimizu, Juichiro ; Ito, Haruo ; Yamaguchi, Hiroki ; Sano, Shunji ; Takaki, Miyako ; Suga, Hiroyuki. / Variable unstressed volume keeps normal distributions of canine left ventricular contractility and total mechanical energy under atrial fibrillation. In: Japanese Journal of Physiology. 2005 ; Vol. 55, No. 5. pp. 255-264.
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