Vandetanib is effective in EGFR-mutant lung cancer cells with PTEN deficiency

Hiromasa Takeda, Nagio Takigawa, Kadoaki Ohashi, Daisuke Minami, Itaru Kataoka, Eiki Ichihara, Nobuaki Ochi, Mitsune Tanimoto, Katsuyuki Kiura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effectiveness of vandetanib, an agent that targets RET, VEGFR and EGFR signaling, against EGFR-mutant lung cancer cells with PTEN loss was investigated. Two EGFR mutant non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines, PC-9 (PTEN wild type) and NCI-H1650 (PTEN null), were used. We transfected an intact PTEN gene into H1650 cells and knocked down PTEN expression in PC-9 cells using shRNA. The effectiveness of gefitinib and vandetanib was assessed using a xenograft model. While PC-9 cells were more resistant to vandetanib than gefitinib, H1650 cells were more sensitive to vandetanib than gefitinib. Both gefitinib and vandetanib suppressed the activation of EGFR and MAPK in H1650 cells, although phosphorylated AKT levels were not affected. In an H1650 cell xenograft model, vandetanib was also more effective than gefitinib. Although PTEN-transfected H1650 cells did not show restoration of sensitivity to gefitinib in vitro, the xenograft tumors responded to gefitinib and vandetanib. Knockdown of PTEN in PC-9 cells caused resistance to gefitinib. In conclusion, vandetanib might be effective in NSCLC with EGFR mutations that lack PTEN expression. The contribution of PTEN absence to vandetanib activity in NSCLC cells harboring EGFR mutations should be further examined.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)417-423
Number of pages7
JournalExperimental Cell Research
Volume319
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 15 2013

Keywords

  • EGFR
  • Gefitinib
  • Lung cancer
  • PTEN
  • VEGFR
  • Vandetanib

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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