Validation of XCO2 derived from SWIR spectra of GOSAT TANSO-FTS with aircraft measurement data

M. Inoue, I. Morino, O. Uchino, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Yoshida, T. Yokota, T. Machida, Y. Sawa, H. Matsueda, C. Sweeney, P. P. Tans, A. E. Andrews, S. C. Biraud, T. Tanaka, S. Kawakami, P. K. Patra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Column-averaged dry air mole fractions of carbon dioxide (XCO2) retrieved from Greenhouse gases Observing SATellite (GOSAT) Short-Wavelength InfraRed (SWIR) observations were validated with aircraft measurements by the Comprehensive Observation Network for TRace gases by AIrLiner (CONTRAIL) project, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the US Department of Energy (DOE), the National Institute for Environmental Studies (NIES), the HIAPER Pole-to-Pole Observations (HIPPO) program, and the GOSAT validation aircraft observation campaign over Japan. To calculate XCO 2 based on aircraft measurements (aircraft-based XCO2), tower measurements and model outputs were used for additional information near the surface and above the tropopause, respectively. Before validation, we investigated the impacts of GOSAT SWIR column averaging kernels (CAKs) and the shape of a priori profiles on the aircraft-based XCO2 calculation. The differences between aircraft-based XCO2 with and without the application of GOSAT CAK were evaluated to be less than ±0.4 ppm at most, and less than ±0.1 ppm on average. Therefore, we concluded that the GOSAT CAK produces only a minor effect on the aircraft-based XCO2 calculation in terms of the overall uncertainty of GOSAT XCO2.

We compared GOSAT data retrieved within ±2 or ±5 latitude/longitude boxes centered at each aircraft measurement site to aircraft-based data measured on a GOSAT overpass day. The results indicated that GOSAT XCO2 over land regions agreed with aircraft-based XCO 2, except that the former is biased by -0.68 ppm (-0.99 ppm) with a standard deviation of 2.56 ppm (2.51 ppm), whereas the averages of the differences between the GOSAT XCO2 over ocean and the aircraft-based XCO2 were -1.82 ppm (-2.27 ppm) with a standard deviation of 1.04 ppm (1.79 ppm) for ±2 (±5 ) boxes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9771-9788
Number of pages18
JournalAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics
Volume13
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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airborne survey
aircraft
wavelength
gas
GOSAT
tropopause
trace gas
satellite data
carbon dioxide
air
ocean

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science

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Validation of XCO2 derived from SWIR spectra of GOSAT TANSO-FTS with aircraft measurement data. / Inoue, M.; Morino, I.; Uchino, O.; Miyamoto, Y.; Yoshida, Y.; Yokota, T.; Machida, T.; Sawa, Y.; Matsueda, H.; Sweeney, C.; Tans, P. P.; Andrews, A. E.; Biraud, S. C.; Tanaka, T.; Kawakami, S.; Patra, P. K.

In: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 13, No. 19, 2013, p. 9771-9788.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Inoue, M, Morino, I, Uchino, O, Miyamoto, Y, Yoshida, Y, Yokota, T, Machida, T, Sawa, Y, Matsueda, H, Sweeney, C, Tans, PP, Andrews, AE, Biraud, SC, Tanaka, T, Kawakami, S & Patra, PK 2013, 'Validation of XCO2 derived from SWIR spectra of GOSAT TANSO-FTS with aircraft measurement data', Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol. 13, no. 19, pp. 9771-9788. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-13-9771-2013
Inoue, M. ; Morino, I. ; Uchino, O. ; Miyamoto, Y. ; Yoshida, Y. ; Yokota, T. ; Machida, T. ; Sawa, Y. ; Matsueda, H. ; Sweeney, C. ; Tans, P. P. ; Andrews, A. E. ; Biraud, S. C. ; Tanaka, T. ; Kawakami, S. ; Patra, P. K. / Validation of XCO2 derived from SWIR spectra of GOSAT TANSO-FTS with aircraft measurement data. In: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics. 2013 ; Vol. 13, No. 19. pp. 9771-9788.
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abstract = "Column-averaged dry air mole fractions of carbon dioxide (XCO2) retrieved from Greenhouse gases Observing SATellite (GOSAT) Short-Wavelength InfraRed (SWIR) observations were validated with aircraft measurements by the Comprehensive Observation Network for TRace gases by AIrLiner (CONTRAIL) project, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the US Department of Energy (DOE), the National Institute for Environmental Studies (NIES), the HIAPER Pole-to-Pole Observations (HIPPO) program, and the GOSAT validation aircraft observation campaign over Japan. To calculate XCO 2 based on aircraft measurements (aircraft-based XCO2), tower measurements and model outputs were used for additional information near the surface and above the tropopause, respectively. Before validation, we investigated the impacts of GOSAT SWIR column averaging kernels (CAKs) and the shape of a priori profiles on the aircraft-based XCO2 calculation. The differences between aircraft-based XCO2 with and without the application of GOSAT CAK were evaluated to be less than ±0.4 ppm at most, and less than ±0.1 ppm on average. Therefore, we concluded that the GOSAT CAK produces only a minor effect on the aircraft-based XCO2 calculation in terms of the overall uncertainty of GOSAT XCO2. We compared GOSAT data retrieved within ±2 or ±5 latitude/longitude boxes centered at each aircraft measurement site to aircraft-based data measured on a GOSAT overpass day. The results indicated that GOSAT XCO2 over land regions agreed with aircraft-based XCO 2, except that the former is biased by -0.68 ppm (-0.99 ppm) with a standard deviation of 2.56 ppm (2.51 ppm), whereas the averages of the differences between the GOSAT XCO2 over ocean and the aircraft-based XCO2 were -1.82 ppm (-2.27 ppm) with a standard deviation of 1.04 ppm (1.79 ppm) for ±2 (±5 ) boxes.",
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AU - Morino, I.

AU - Uchino, O.

AU - Miyamoto, Y.

AU - Yoshida, Y.

AU - Yokota, T.

AU - Machida, T.

AU - Sawa, Y.

AU - Matsueda, H.

AU - Sweeney, C.

AU - Tans, P. P.

AU - Andrews, A. E.

AU - Biraud, S. C.

AU - Tanaka, T.

AU - Kawakami, S.

AU - Patra, P. K.

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N2 - Column-averaged dry air mole fractions of carbon dioxide (XCO2) retrieved from Greenhouse gases Observing SATellite (GOSAT) Short-Wavelength InfraRed (SWIR) observations were validated with aircraft measurements by the Comprehensive Observation Network for TRace gases by AIrLiner (CONTRAIL) project, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the US Department of Energy (DOE), the National Institute for Environmental Studies (NIES), the HIAPER Pole-to-Pole Observations (HIPPO) program, and the GOSAT validation aircraft observation campaign over Japan. To calculate XCO 2 based on aircraft measurements (aircraft-based XCO2), tower measurements and model outputs were used for additional information near the surface and above the tropopause, respectively. Before validation, we investigated the impacts of GOSAT SWIR column averaging kernels (CAKs) and the shape of a priori profiles on the aircraft-based XCO2 calculation. The differences between aircraft-based XCO2 with and without the application of GOSAT CAK were evaluated to be less than ±0.4 ppm at most, and less than ±0.1 ppm on average. Therefore, we concluded that the GOSAT CAK produces only a minor effect on the aircraft-based XCO2 calculation in terms of the overall uncertainty of GOSAT XCO2. We compared GOSAT data retrieved within ±2 or ±5 latitude/longitude boxes centered at each aircraft measurement site to aircraft-based data measured on a GOSAT overpass day. The results indicated that GOSAT XCO2 over land regions agreed with aircraft-based XCO 2, except that the former is biased by -0.68 ppm (-0.99 ppm) with a standard deviation of 2.56 ppm (2.51 ppm), whereas the averages of the differences between the GOSAT XCO2 over ocean and the aircraft-based XCO2 were -1.82 ppm (-2.27 ppm) with a standard deviation of 1.04 ppm (1.79 ppm) for ±2 (±5 ) boxes.

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