Vacuolar-type H+-ATPase in mouse bladder epithelium is responsible for urinary acidification

Ken Ichi Tomochika, Sumio Shinoda, Hiromi Kumon, Masaharu Mori, Yoshinori Moriyama, Masamitsu Futai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


The urine in the mouse bladder was found to be acidic, ranging from pH 5.3 to 5.5 in the daytime and pH 6.0 to 6.3 at night. Administration of bafilomycin A1 or concanamycin A, specific inhibitors of vacuolar-type H+-ATPase, into bladder lumen caused neutralization of urinary pH at least for 36 h, whereas inhibitors of mitochondrial ATP synthase (F-type H+-ATPase) or P-type H+-ATPases did not. Bafilomycin A1-sensitive proton secretion from isolated inside-out bladder was also observed. Immuno-electron microscopy with antibodies against vacuolar H+-ATPase revealed that vacuolar-type H+-ATPase is rich in luminal plasma membrane and endosomes of superficial cells of the bladder epithelium. These results indicate that vacuolar-type H+-ATPases present in luminal plasma membrane of the superficial epithelial cells secrete protons so as to acidify the urine in mouse bladder.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-64
Number of pages4
JournalFEBS Letters
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 3 1997


  • Bafilomycin
  • Bladder
  • Urine
  • Vacuolar-type H-ATPase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Structural Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology


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