UV-visible light absorption by hydroxyl and formaldehyde and knocking combustion in a DME-HCCI engine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Experiments were conducted in a compression-expansion test engine to investigate the combustion characteristics in a homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) engine fuelled with dimethyl ether. Two types of analyses were performed. In the first, ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) light absorbance was investigated to identify the formation behaviour of HCHO and OH during HCCI combustion. In the second, knocking combustion was investigated by analysing the spatially integrated flame luminosity and in-cylinder pressure oscillations. The time-resolved HCHO and OH profiles at different equivalence ratios showed that HCHO absorbance increased in the low-temperature reaction (LTR) and thermal-preparation regions and gradually decreased as the combustion approached the high-temperature reaction (HTR) region. The in-cylinder temperature in the LTR region had little effect on the rate of the maximum pressure rise, and this did not change much at different equivalence ratios. The results demonstrated that there was a marked difference between the intensity of the flame emissions of non-knocking and knocking events. The time-resolved integrated absorbance spectra of HCHO with peaks at 328, 340, and 354 nm that occurred before the OH peaks appeared suggested that when a certain threshold ratio of (dP/dθ LTR)/(dP/dθ HTR) was reached, the amount of HCHO decreased due to reactions in the thermal-preparation region while the tendency to knock increased.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)164-175
Number of pages12
JournalFuel
Volume98
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2012

Fingerprint

Formaldehyde
Hydroxyl Radical
Light absorption
Ignition
Engines
Engine cylinders
Temperature
Plant expansion
Luminance
Ethers
Experiments

Keywords

  • Dimethyl ether
  • Formaldehyde
  • HCCI
  • Knocking combustion
  • Light absorbance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Organic Chemistry

Cite this

UV-visible light absorption by hydroxyl and formaldehyde and knocking combustion in a DME-HCCI engine. / Azimov, Ulugbek; Kawahara, Nobuyuki; Tomita, Eiji.

In: Fuel, Vol. 98, 08.2012, p. 164-175.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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