Utility of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration in the diagnosis of local recurrence of pancreaticobiliary cancer after surgical resection

Kazuyuki Matsumoto, Hironari Kato, Shigeru Horiguchi, Takeshi Tomoda, Akihiro Matsumi, Yuki Ishihara, Yosuke Saragai, Saimon Takada, Shinichiro Muro, Daisuke Uchida, Hiroyuki Okada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background/Aims: Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided fine needle aspiration (FNA; EUS-FNA) allows for diagnostic tissue specimens from various regions to be analyzed. However, diagnosing recurrent pancreaticobiliary cancer after surgery is sometimes difficult. We evaluated the efficacy of EUS-FNA in the diagnosis of local recurrence of pancreaticobiliary cancer and analyzed the factors associated with false-negative results. Methods: Fifty-one consecutive patients who underwent EUS-FNA due to suspected recurrence of pancreaticobiliary cancer after surgery in an academic center were retrospectively analyzed. The criteria for EUS-FNA were a resected margin or remnant pancreas mass, round swollen lymph node (≥10 mm in diameter), and soft-tissue enhancement around a major artery. Patients with suspected liver metastasis or malignant ascites were excluded. Results: Thirty-nine of the 51 patients had pancreatic cancer; the remaining 12 had biliary cancer. The target sites for EUS-FNA were the soft tissue around a major artery (n=22, 43%), the resected margin or remnant pancreas (n=12, 24%), and the lymph nodes (n=17, 33%). The median size of the suspected recurrent lesions was 15 mm (range, 8 to 40 mm). The overall sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of EUS-FNA for the diagnosis of recurrence was 84% (32/38), 100% (13/13), and 88% (45/51), respectively. FNA of the soft tissue around major arteries (odds ratio, 8.23; 95% confidence interval, 1.2 to 166.7; p=0.033) was significantly associated with a false-negative diagnosis in the multivariate analysis. Conclusions: EUS-FNA is useful for diagnosing recurrent cancer, even after pancreaticobiliary surgery. The diagnoses of recurrence at soft-tissue sites should be interpreted with caution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)652-658
Number of pages7
JournalGut and liver
Volume14
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2020

Keywords

  • Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration
  • Neoplasm recurrence
  • Pancreaticobiliary cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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