Use of v integrin linked to green fluorescent protein in osteosarcoma cells and confocal microscopy to image molecular dynamics during lung metastasis in nude mice

Yasunori Tome, Shuya Yano, Naotoshi Sugimoto, Sumiyuki Mii, Fuminari Uehara, Shinji Miwa, Michael Bouvet, Hiroyuki Tsuchiya, Fuminori Kanaya, Robert M. Hoffman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: We report here imaging of the behavior of v integrin linked to green fluorescent protein (GFP) in human osteosarcoma cells colonizing the lung of nude mice. Materials and Methods: 143B osteosarcoma cells expressing v integrin-GFP were generated by transfection of an v integrin-GFP fusion-gene vector pCMV-AC-ITGAV-GFP. In order to generate experimental lung metastases, 143B osteosarcoma cells (1×106), stably expressing v integrin-GFP, were injected intravenously via the tail vein. The osteosarcoma cells were transplanted orthotopically in the tibia of nude mice in order to generate spontaneous metastases. Lungs were harvested and imaged by confocal microscopy within 1 hour. Results: In the experimental lung-metastasis model, extravasating and deformed osteosarcoma cells expressing v integrin-GFP were observed. Pseudopodia of the osteosarcoma cells contained small puncta of v integrin-GFP. In early-stage spontaneous lung metastasis, tumor emboli were observed in pulmonary vessels. At high magnification, small αv integrin-GFP puncta were observed in the tumor embolus. In late-stage spontaneous metastasis, tumor emboli were also observed in pulmonary vessels. Invading cancer cells with strong expression of αv integrin-GFP were observed at the margin of the tumor emboli. Conclusion: The results of this study demonstrate that molecular dynamics of αv integrin-GFP can be imaged in lung metastasis, which will allow further understanding of the role of αv integrin in this process. The results also suggest a general concept for imaging molecular behavior in vivo.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3811-3816
Number of pages6
JournalAnticancer research
Volume36
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Confocal microscopy
  • Green fluorescent protein
  • Integrin
  • Lung metastasis
  • Nude mice
  • Osteosarcoma
  • Realtime imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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