We previously reported that telomerase-specific replication-component adenovirous, Telomelysin (OBP-301) has cytotoxic activity to the YCUT892, KCCT873, KCCT891, KCCL871, YCUM862, HN12, and KCCOR891 cell lines in vitro, and investigated the association between cytotoxic activity and adenoviral receptor expression. In this study, we evaluated the most appropriate way to administer telomelysin (OBP-301) in the treatment of squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN), and assessed the effect of OBP-301 in large subcutaneous KCCT873 human SCCHN tumors in immunodeficient mice. We also compared antitumor responses following three intratumoral (i.t.) injections of OBP-301 given daily, every 2 days or weekly. To investigate the mechanism of the antitumor effect, we evaluated cellular infiltration in treated tumors. OBP-301 showed remarkable antitumor activity against large KCCT873 tumors, and three treatment schedules produced similar antitumor effects. The weekly regimen also significantly reduced the growth of large tumors. Immunochemistry revealed that macrophages, but not natural killer cells, were responsible for tumor regression. A regimen of three weekly injections of OBP-301 has remarkable antitumor effects against large KCCT873 tumors. These results may provide a new platform for treating patients with localized SCCHN.
- Squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research