Urinary α1-microglobulin (U-A1M) was measured in healthy term infants on days 1, 4, 7, 14, 28, 90 and 180 of life. U-A1M was high until day 14 and declined thereafter. It was significantly correlated with urinary β2-microglobulin (U-B2M) throughout the study, but not with serum A1M on days 1 or 7. Similar to U-B2M, U-A1M in the clinically stable term infants with intrauterine growth retardation (n=4-7) was not elevated on days 1-7. In the sick infants who needed immediate resuscitatio at birth (n=4-8), U-A1M as well as U-B2M was high on days 1-7 and then decreased to normal levels, suggesting that U-A1M can be used as a sensitive marker of acute proximal tubular damage and its recovery. These observations indicate that U-A1M is a useful index of proximal tubular function in early infancy.
- Early infancy
- Renal proximal tubular function
- Term infants
- Urinary α-microglobulin
- Urinary β-microglobulin
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health