Up-regulation of integrin β3 expression by cyclic stretch in human umbilical endothelial cells

Masahiko Suzuki, Keiji Naruse, Yoshihiro Asano, Tetsuya Okamoto, Naomichi Nishikimi, Tsunehisa Sakurai, Yuji Nimura, Masahiro Sokabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

53 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effect of uni-axial cyclic mechanical stretch on the expression of the adhesion protein integrin was investigated. Human umbilical endothelial cells (HUVECs) cultured on fibronectin coated silicon membranes were subjected to uni-axial cyclic stretch. The level of expression of integrin β3 mRNA was found to be increased and peaked at 4 hours in response to cyclic stretch using a semiquantitative RT-PCR method. The increased level of the integrin mRNA from stretched HUVECs remained higher than that from non-stretched controls. The amount of integrin β3 also increased and peaked at 12 hr. Immuno-fluorescent microscopy revealed that the amount of integrin β3 adhesions increased in stretched HUVECs compared with that in non-stretched HUVECs. These results suggest that uni-axial cyclic stretch up-regulates the expression of integrin β3. This increase in integrin β3 may enhance the adhesiveness to the substratum and contribute to the protection of HUVECs against being peeled off from the vessel wall.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)372-376
Number of pages5
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume239
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 20 1997
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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