The effect of uni-axial cyclic mechanical stretch on the expression of the adhesion protein integrin was investigated. Human umbilical endothelial cells (HUVECs) cultured on fibronectin coated silicon membranes were subjected to uni-axial cyclic stretch. The level of expression of integrin β3 mRNA was found to be increased and peaked at 4 hours in response to cyclic stretch using a semiquantitative RT-PCR method. The increased level of the integrin mRNA from stretched HUVECs remained higher than that from non-stretched controls. The amount of integrin β3 also increased and peaked at 12 hr. Immuno-fluorescent microscopy revealed that the amount of integrin β3 adhesions increased in stretched HUVECs compared with that in non-stretched HUVECs. These results suggest that uni-axial cyclic stretch up-regulates the expression of integrin β3. This increase in integrin β3 may enhance the adhesiveness to the substratum and contribute to the protection of HUVECs against being peeled off from the vessel wall.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 20 1997|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology