We investigate superconductivity in the candidate topological superconductor NbxBi2Se3 from x=0 to 1. We observe superconductivity for all x>0 with a superconducting transition temperature TC∼ 3 K similar to that reported in Cu- and Sr-intercalated Bi2Se3. Structurally, for small x we find introduction of Nb modifies the Bi2Se3 separation while for larger x the system is driven to the BiSe structure. While all compounds are found to be superconducting, two distinct behaviors for the upper critical field Hc2 are observed. From photoemission spectroscopy we find that the enhanced Hc2 corresponds to compounds with a low surface Dirac point energy (-0.67 eV) relative to the Fermi level; in absolute scale this value is lower than previously reported superconductors in this materials family. We comment on the utility of this system for the study of topological superconductivity in a new structure type combining a doping (Bi2 type) layer and layers with topologically protected gapless state (Bi2Se3 type).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics