Understanding and monitoring the consequences of human impacts on intraspecific variation

Makiko Mimura, Tetsukazu Yahara, Daniel P. Faith, Ella Vázquez-Domínguez, Robert I. Colautti, Hitoshi Araki, Firouzeh Javadi, Juan Núñez-Farfán, Akira S. Mori, Shiliang Zhou, Peter M. Hollingsworth, Linda E. Neaves, Yuya Fukano, Gideon F. Smith, Yo Ichiro Sato, Hidenori Tachida, Andrew P. Hendry

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Intraspecific variation is a major component of biodiversity, yet it has received relatively little attention from governmental and nongovernmental organizations, especially with regard to conservation plans and the management of wild species. This omission is ill-advised because phenotypic and genetic variations within and among populations can have dramatic effects on ecological and evolutionary processes, including responses to environmental change, the maintenance of species diversity, and ecological stability and resilience. At the same time, environmental changes associated with many human activities, such as land use and climate change, have dramatic and often negative impacts on intraspecific variation. We argue for the need for local, regional, and global programs to monitor intraspecific genetic variation. We suggest that such monitoring should include two main strategies: (i) intensive monitoring of multiple types of genetic variation in selected species and (ii) broad-brush modeling for representative species for predicting changes in variation as a function of changes in population size and range extent. Overall, we call for collaborative efforts to initiate the urgently needed monitoring of intraspecific variation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)121-139
Number of pages19
JournalEvolutionary Applications
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • ecosystem function and services
  • functional variation
  • genetic variation
  • neutral variation
  • non-neutral variation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Genetics
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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  • Cite this

    Mimura, M., Yahara, T., Faith, D. P., Vázquez-Domínguez, E., Colautti, R. I., Araki, H., Javadi, F., Núñez-Farfán, J., Mori, A. S., Zhou, S., Hollingsworth, P. M., Neaves, L. E., Fukano, Y., Smith, G. F., Sato, Y. I., Tachida, H., & Hendry, A. P. (2017). Understanding and monitoring the consequences of human impacts on intraspecific variation. Evolutionary Applications, 10(2), 121-139. https://doi.org/10.1111/eva.12436