Ultrahigh-pressure phase relations in the system Mg4Si4O12Mg3Al2Si3O12

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Abstract

High-pressure phase relations in the system Mg4Si4O12Mg3Al2Si3O12 were investigated at pressures from 10 to 22 GPa and at a temperature of 1000°C. The experimental results indicate that the maximum solubility of enstatite (Mg4Si4O12) in pyrope (Mg3Al2Si3O12) is 80 mol% enstatite at 15 GPa. At pressures between 15 and 19 GPa, the solubility is insensitive to pressure. At 19 GPa, garnet-ilmenite transformation first occurs in enstatite composition. At pressures above 19 GPa, the compositional range of the ilmenite solid solution expands toward pyrope composition with increasing pressure. Based on the present experiments, if pyrolite mantle is assumed, the pyroxene-garnet transformation appears at 350-400 km depth, and garnet + modified spinel and garnet + spinel phase assemblages become stable successively up to ∼ 580 km depth. At greater depths, garnet decomposes to ilmenite + garnet and hence the pyrolite mantle consists of ilmenite + garnet + spinel assemblage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)168-175
Number of pages8
JournalPhysics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors
Volume49
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1987

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garnets
garnet
ilmenite
enstatite
spinel
pyrolite
pyrope
Earth mantle
solubility
mantle
solid solution
pyroxene
solid solutions
experiment
temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

Ultrahigh-pressure phase relations in the system Mg4Si4O12Mg3Al2Si3O12 . / Kanzaki, Masami.

In: Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, Vol. 49, No. 1-2, 1987, p. 168-175.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "High-pressure phase relations in the system Mg4Si4O12Mg3Al2Si3O12 were investigated at pressures from 10 to 22 GPa and at a temperature of 1000°C. The experimental results indicate that the maximum solubility of enstatite (Mg4Si4O12) in pyrope (Mg3Al2Si3O12) is 80 mol{\%} enstatite at 15 GPa. At pressures between 15 and 19 GPa, the solubility is insensitive to pressure. At 19 GPa, garnet-ilmenite transformation first occurs in enstatite composition. At pressures above 19 GPa, the compositional range of the ilmenite solid solution expands toward pyrope composition with increasing pressure. Based on the present experiments, if pyrolite mantle is assumed, the pyroxene-garnet transformation appears at 350-400 km depth, and garnet + modified spinel and garnet + spinel phase assemblages become stable successively up to ∼ 580 km depth. At greater depths, garnet decomposes to ilmenite + garnet and hence the pyrolite mantle consists of ilmenite + garnet + spinel assemblage.",
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AB - High-pressure phase relations in the system Mg4Si4O12Mg3Al2Si3O12 were investigated at pressures from 10 to 22 GPa and at a temperature of 1000°C. The experimental results indicate that the maximum solubility of enstatite (Mg4Si4O12) in pyrope (Mg3Al2Si3O12) is 80 mol% enstatite at 15 GPa. At pressures between 15 and 19 GPa, the solubility is insensitive to pressure. At 19 GPa, garnet-ilmenite transformation first occurs in enstatite composition. At pressures above 19 GPa, the compositional range of the ilmenite solid solution expands toward pyrope composition with increasing pressure. Based on the present experiments, if pyrolite mantle is assumed, the pyroxene-garnet transformation appears at 350-400 km depth, and garnet + modified spinel and garnet + spinel phase assemblages become stable successively up to ∼ 580 km depth. At greater depths, garnet decomposes to ilmenite + garnet and hence the pyrolite mantle consists of ilmenite + garnet + spinel assemblage.

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