Ultrahigh-pressure mineral inclusions in zircons from gneissic core samples of the Chinese continental scientific drilling site in eastern China

Fulai Liu, Zhiqin Xu, Juhn G. Liou, Ikuo Katayama, Hideki Masago, Shigenori Maruyama, Jingsui Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

140 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Chinese drillhole CCSD-PP2 penetrated to a depth of 1028.28 m near Donghai in the southwestern Sulu terrane. Core samples consist mainly of para- and orthogneisses with minor intercalated layers of amphibolite and eclogite. Coesite and coesite-bearing ultrahigh-pressure (UHP) mineral assemblages were identified using Raman spectroscopy and electron microprobe analysis as inclusions in zircon separates from para- and orthogneiss samples. Matrix minerals in the coesite-bearing para- and orthogneiss samples are amphibolite-facies assemblages of quartz + feldspar + epidote + biotite ± amphibole ± garnet ± titanite. In most cases, zircons, however, preserve multi-stage assemblages in different domains; the parageneses and compositions of these included minerals yielded P-T paths consistent with those deduced previously from eclogite and garnet peridotite outcrops in Donghai. In generally, quartz inclusions were identified in zircon cores and rims, whereas coesite and other UHP mineral inclusions occur in the mantles (intermediate zircon growth zone between core and rim) of the same zircons. The occurence of coesite inclusions in zircon indicates that eclogites together with their country rock gneisses experienced UHP metamorphism and retrogression. Coesite inclusions are ubiquitous in paragneiss and orthogneiss core samples in CCSD-PP2 drillhole and in outcrop samples from the southwestern Sulu terrane, indicating that coesite-bearing lithologies are widespread in the Sulu terrane, requiring subduction of a large terrane to mantle depths. Cathodoluminescence images of zircons from gneissic rocks display distinct zoning from core to rim, that can be genetically correlated with inherited (especially in the orthogneisses) or prograde, UHP, and retrograde mineral inclusion assemblages. These images reveal irregular zoning patterns and various thickness of cores, mantles, and rims. The abundance of inclusions complicates conventional U-Pb age dating, therefore the SHRIMP microspot U-Pb analyses are essential for protolith and metamorphic age dating.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)499-512
Number of pages14
JournalEuropean Journal of Mineralogy
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Core samples
coesite
Minerals
Drilling
zircon
drilling
Bearings (structural)
mineral
orthogneiss
terrane
Chinese Continental Scientific Drilling Project
Zoning
Quartz
Garnets
eclogite
mantle
zoning
garnet
outcrop
Amphibole Asbestos

Keywords

  • Coesite
  • Para- and orthogneiss
  • Pre-pilot drillhole CCSD-PP2
  • Sulu terrane
  • UHP mineral inclusion
  • Zircon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Cite this

Ultrahigh-pressure mineral inclusions in zircons from gneissic core samples of the Chinese continental scientific drilling site in eastern China. / Liu, Fulai; Xu, Zhiqin; Liou, Juhn G.; Katayama, Ikuo; Masago, Hideki; Maruyama, Shigenori; Yang, Jingsui.

In: European Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 14, No. 3, 2002, p. 499-512.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Liu, Fulai ; Xu, Zhiqin ; Liou, Juhn G. ; Katayama, Ikuo ; Masago, Hideki ; Maruyama, Shigenori ; Yang, Jingsui. / Ultrahigh-pressure mineral inclusions in zircons from gneissic core samples of the Chinese continental scientific drilling site in eastern China. In: European Journal of Mineralogy. 2002 ; Vol. 14, No. 3. pp. 499-512.
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