Ultrafast isomerization-induced cooperative motions to higher molecular orientation in smectic liquid-crystalline azobenzene molecules

Masaki Hada, Daisuke Yamaguchi, Tadahiko Ishikawa, Takayoshi Sawa, Kenji Tsuruta, Ken Ishikawa, Shin Ya Koshihara, Yasuhiko Hayashi, Takashi Kato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The photoisomerization of molecules is widely used to control the structure of soft matter in both natural and synthetic systems. However, the structural dynamics of the molecules during isomerization and their subsequent response are difficult to elucidate due to their complex and ultrafast nature. Herein, we describe the ultrafast formation of higher-orientation of liquid-crystalline (LC) azobenzene molecules via linearly polarized ultraviolet light (UV) using ultrafast time-resolved electron diffraction. The ultrafast orientation is caused by the trans-to-cis isomerization of the azobenzene molecules. Our observations are consistent with simplified molecular dynamics calculations that revealed that the molecules are aligned with the laser polarization axis by their cooperative motion after photoisomerization. This insight advances the fundamental chemistry of photoresponsive molecules in soft matter as well as their ultrafast photomechanical applications.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages1
JournalNature communications
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 13 2019

Fingerprint

Molecular orientation
Isomerization
isomerization
Crystalline materials
Molecules
Liquids
Molecular Dynamics Simulation
Ultraviolet Rays
liquids
Photoisomerization
molecules
Lasers
Electrons
dynamic structural analysis
Structural dynamics
Electron diffraction
Crystal orientation
ultraviolet radiation
Molecular dynamics
azobenzene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Ultrafast isomerization-induced cooperative motions to higher molecular orientation in smectic liquid-crystalline azobenzene molecules. / Hada, Masaki; Yamaguchi, Daisuke; Ishikawa, Tadahiko; Sawa, Takayoshi; Tsuruta, Kenji; Ishikawa, Ken; Koshihara, Shin Ya; Hayashi, Yasuhiko; Kato, Takashi.

In: Nature communications, Vol. 10, No. 1, 13.09.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hada, Masaki ; Yamaguchi, Daisuke ; Ishikawa, Tadahiko ; Sawa, Takayoshi ; Tsuruta, Kenji ; Ishikawa, Ken ; Koshihara, Shin Ya ; Hayashi, Yasuhiko ; Kato, Takashi. / Ultrafast isomerization-induced cooperative motions to higher molecular orientation in smectic liquid-crystalline azobenzene molecules. In: Nature communications. 2019 ; Vol. 10, No. 1.
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