Typology of Abdominal Arteries, with Special Reference to Inferior Phrenic Arteries and their Esophageal Branches

Da Xun Piao, Aiji Ohtsuka, Takuro Murakami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Origins and distribution of the human inferior phrenic arteries were studied by dissecting 68 Japanese adult cadavers. The inferior phrenic arteries were usually observed as paired (left and right) vessels. Their origins were summarized as follows: a) the aorta itself (85/138 cases, 61.6%), b) the ventro-visceral arteries (celiaco-mesenteric system of the aorta) including the celiac trunk (39/138 cases, 28.2%) and the left gastric artery (4/138 cases, 2.9%), and c) the latero-visceral arteries (adreno-renal system of the aorta) including the middle adrenal artery (4/138 cases, 2.9%) and the renal artery (6/ 138 cases, 4.3%). The left and right arteries occasionally originated in common trunk from the aorta, celiaco-mesenteric system or adrenorenal system (22/138 cases, 15.9%). A typological diagram explaining these variations is given. The inferior phrenic arteries, especially the left ones, sometimes issued visceral or esophageal branches. This fact indicates that the inferior phrenic arteries are homologous with the celiac trunk and mesenteric arteries. It is further discussed that the celiac trunk and mesenteric arteries are originally paired vessels, through introduction of our previous typological diagram of the abdominal arteries (Murakami et a/., 1995).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)189-196
Number of pages8
JournalActa Medica Okayama
Volume52
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1998

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Diaphragm
Arteries
Mesenteric Arteries
Aorta
Celiac Artery
Renal Artery
Cadaver
Abdomen
Stomach

Keywords

  • Esophageal branch
  • Inferior phrenic artery
  • Typology of abdominal arteries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Typology of Abdominal Arteries, with Special Reference to Inferior Phrenic Arteries and their Esophageal Branches. / Piao, Da Xun; Ohtsuka, Aiji; Murakami, Takuro.

In: Acta Medica Okayama, Vol. 52, No. 4, 08.1998, p. 189-196.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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