Introduction Data on the association between longitudinal trajectory patterns of albuminuria and subsequent end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) and all-cause mortality in diabetic kidney disease (DKD) are sparse. Research design and methods Drawing on nationally representative data of 329 patients with biopsy-proven DKD and an estimated glomerular filtration rate above 30 mL/min/1.73 m 2 at the time of biopsy, we used joint latent class mixed models to identify different 2-year trajectory patterns of urine albumin to creatinine ratio (UACR) and assessed subsequent rates of competing events: ESKD and all-cause death. Results A total of three trajectory groups of UACR were identified: a € high-increasing' group (n=254; 77.2%), a € high-decreasing' group (n=24; 7.3%), and a € low-stable' group (n=51; 15.5%). The a € low-stable' group had the most favorable risk profile, including the baseline UACR (median (IQR) UACR (mg/g creatinine): a € low-stable', 109 (50-138); a € high-decreasing', 906 (468-1740); a € high-increasing', 1380 (654-2502)), and had the least subsequent risk of ESKD and all-cause death among the groups. Although there were no differences in baseline characteristics between the a € high-decreasing' group and the a € high-increasing' group, the a € high-decreasing' group had better control over blood pressure, blood glucose, and total cholesterol levels during the first 2 years of follow-up, and the incidence rates of subsequent ESKD and all-cause death were lower in the a € high-decreasing' group compared with the a € high-increasing' group (incidence rate of ESKD (per 1000 person-years): 32.7 vs 77.4, p=0.014; incidence rate of all-cause death (per 1000 person-years): 0.0 vs 25.4, p=0.007). Conclusions Dynamic changes in albuminuria are associated with subsequent ESKD and all-cause mortality in DKD. Reduction in albuminuria by improving risk profile may decrease the risk of ESKD and all-cause death.
- kidney failure
- longitudinal studies
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism