Two regulators of Vibrio parahaemolyticus play important roles in enterotoxicity by controlling the expression of genes in the Vp-PAI region

Toshio Kodama, Kazuyoshi Gotoh, Hirotaka Hiyoshi, Mikiharu Morita, Kaori Izutsu, Yukihiro Akeda, Kwon Sam Park, Vlademir V. Cantarelli, Rikard Dryselius, Tetsuya Iida, Takeshi Honda

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39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Vibrio parahaemolyticus is an important pathogen causing food-borne disease worldwide. An 80-kb pathogenicity island (Vp-PAI), which contains two tdh (thermostable direct hemolysin) genes and a set of genes for the type III secretion system (T3SS2), is closely related to the pathogenicity of this bacterium. However, the regulatory mechanisms of Vp-PAI's gene expression are poorly understood. Here we report that two novel ToxR-like transcriptional regulatory proteins (VtrA and VtrB) regulate the expression of the genes encoded within the Vp-PAI region, including those for TDH and T3SS2-related proteins. Expression of vtrB was under control of the VtrA, as vector-expressed vtrB was able to recover a functional protein secretory capacity for T3SS2, independent of VtrA. Moreover, these regulatory proteins were essential for T3SS2-dependent biological activities, such as in vitro cytotoxicity and in vivo enterotoxicity. Enterotoxic activities of vtrA and/or vtrB deletion strains derived from the wild-type strain were almost absent, showing fluid accumulation similar to non-infected control. Whole genome transcriptional profiling of vtrA or vtrB deletion strains revealed that the expression levels of over 60 genes were downregulated significantly in these deletion mutant strains and that such genes were almost exclusively located in the Vp-PAI region. These results strongly suggest that VtrA and VtrB are master regulators for virulence gene expression in the Vp-PAI and play critical roles in the pathogenicity of this bacterium.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere8678
JournalPloS one
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 13 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

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    Kodama, T., Gotoh, K., Hiyoshi, H., Morita, M., Izutsu, K., Akeda, Y., Park, K. S., Cantarelli, V. V., Dryselius, R., Iida, T., & Honda, T. (2010). Two regulators of Vibrio parahaemolyticus play important roles in enterotoxicity by controlling the expression of genes in the Vp-PAI region. PloS one, 5(1), [e8678]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0008678