Familial lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase deficiency (FLD) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by corneal opacity, hemolytic anemia, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and proteinuria. Two novel lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) mutations[c.278 C>T (p.Pro69Leu); c.950 T>C (p.Met293Thr)] were identified in a 27-year-old man and in a 30-year-old woman, respectively. Both patients manifested corneal opacity, hemolytic anemia, low low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and HDL-C and proteinuria. Lipid deposits with vacuolar lucent appearance in glomerular basement membranes were observed in both cases. APOE genotype was also investigated: the first case results ε4/ε3, the second ε2/ε2; however, they shared a similar phenotype characterized by the presence of intermediate-density lipoproteins (IDL) remnant and the absence of lipoprotein-X. In conclusion, our findings suggest that APOE ε2/ε2 may not be the major determinant gene for the appearance of IDL in FLD patients.
- APOE genotype
- IDL remnant
- familial LCAT deficiency (FLD)
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