Two new species of Atlantocuma (Crustacea: Cumacea), and a new genus and species from Japan, Northwest Pacific, with observations on the degeneration of mouthparts in ovigerous females

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Abstract

Two species of the cumacean genus Atlantocuma from the southern coast of Honshu, Japan, 781-861 m depth, A. gamoi sp. nov. and A. ojii sp. nov., and Pseudopicrocuma japonicum gen et sp. nov. from Nansei Islands, 566-1769 m depth, are described. Atlantocuma gamoi is characterized by (1) carapace elevated in preparatory and ovigerous female, (2) antero-lateral angle of carapace with 3 teeth in females, and (3) pseudorostrum of carapace of adult males truncate, anterolateral angle without teeth. Atlantocuma ojii is characterized by (1) carapace not elevated in preparatory females, but elevated in ovigerous females, (2) inferior margin of carapace in ovigerous female serrated for entire length, (3) pseudorostrum of carapace in adult males truncate, (4) uropod exopod with 1-2 spiniform setae on inner margin, except for subterminal one. The new genus Pseudopicrocuma, which is similar to Picrocuma from shallow waters of eastern Australia, is characterized by (1) well-developed exopods present on maxilliped 3 and pereopods 1-3 in both sexes, (2) antenna 1 of adult males with many aesthetascs-like sensory setae on peduncle articles 2 and 3, (3) male antenna 2 of clasping form, and (4) uropod slender, peduncle shorter than rami. Pseudopicrocuma shows affinity to Atlantocuma except for (1) arrangement of well-developed exopods on pereopods, (2) male antenna 2 flagellum of clasping form, and (3) uropod peduncle shorter than rami. In addition, P. japonicum and the new Japanese Atlantocuma species are characterized by a similar trend in degeneration of mouthparts (mandibles - maxillipeds 2) in ovigerous females, suggesting a rather close relationship of these genera with quite different arrangements of exopods on pereopods. These 2 genera are currently placed in Nannastacidae. Other possible relatives of Pseudopicrocuma are Spilocuma (Bodotriidae) and Claudicuma (Nannastacidae).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20-42
Number of pages23
JournalZootaxa
Issue number3400
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 26 2012

Keywords

  • Atlantocuma
  • Crustacea
  • Cumacea
  • Deep-sea
  • New genus
  • New species
  • Northwest Pacific
  • Pseudopicrocuma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Animal Science and Zoology

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