Two genes, COL4A3 and COL4A4 coding for the human α3(IV) and α4(IV) collagen chains are arranged head-to-head on chromosome 2q36

Ryusuke Momota, Manabu Sugimoto, Toshitaka Oohashi, Kazuteru Kigasawa, Hidekatsu Yoshioka, Yoshifumi Ninomiya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We first isolated and characterized genomic DNA fragments that cover the 5' flanking sequences of COL4A3 and COL4A4 encoding the human basement membrane α3(IV) and α4(IV) collagen chains, respectively. Nucleotide sequence analysis indicated that the two genes are arranged head-to-head. To determine transcription start site for COL4A4 gene, we performed RACE and RNase protection assays, indicating that there are two alternative transcripts presumably derived from two different promoters. Interestingly, one transcription start site (from exon 1') of COL4A4 is only 5 bp away from the reported transcription start site of COL4A3, whereas the other transcript (from exon 1) starts 373 nucleotides downstream from the first one, generating the two kinds of transcripts that differ in the 5' UTR regions. Expression of these two transcripts appears tissue-specific; exon 1 transcript was expressed predominantly in epithelial cells, while exon 1' transcript showed rather ubiquitous and low expression. The nucleotide sequence of the promoter region is composed of dense CpG dinucleotides, GC boxes, CTC boxes and a CCAAT box but no TATA box. These results provide information to delineate the promoter activity for the tissue-specific expression of the six type IV collagen genes and basement membrane assembly in different tissues and organs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11-16
Number of pages6
JournalFEBS Letters
Volume424
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 6 1998

Fingerprint

Chromosomes
Transcription Initiation Site
Exons
Collagen
Genes
Nucleotides
Tissue
TATA Box
Collagen Type IV
5' Flanking Region
5' Untranslated Regions
Ribonucleases
Basement Membrane
Genetic Promoter Regions
Sequence Analysis
Assays
Epithelial Cells
DNA

Keywords

  • Alternative transcription
  • Basement membrane
  • COL4A3
  • COL4A4
  • Synteny
  • Type IV collagen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

Two genes, COL4A3 and COL4A4 coding for the human α3(IV) and α4(IV) collagen chains are arranged head-to-head on chromosome 2q36. / Momota, Ryusuke; Sugimoto, Manabu; Oohashi, Toshitaka; Kigasawa, Kazuteru; Yoshioka, Hidekatsu; Ninomiya, Yoshifumi.

In: FEBS Letters, Vol. 424, No. 1-2, 06.03.1998, p. 11-16.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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