We report on the electronic transport properties of black phosphorus and analyze them using a two-carrier model in a wide range of pressure up to 2.5 GPa. In a semiconducting state at 0.29 GPa, the remarkable nonlinear behavior in the Hall resistance is reasonably reproduced by assuming the coexistence of two kinds of holes with different densities and mobilities. On the other hand, two-carrier analyses of the magnetotransport properties above 1.01 GPa suggest the coexistence of high-mobility electron and hole carriers that have almost the same densities, i.e., nearly compensated semimetallic nature of black phosphorus. In the semimetallic state, analyses of both the two-carrier model and quantum oscillations indicate a systematic increase in the carrier densities as pressure increases. An observed sign inversion of Hall resistivity at low magnetic fields suggests the existence of high-mobility electrons (∼105cm2V-1s-1), which is roughly ten times larger than that of holes, in the semimetallic black phosphorus. We conclude that the extremely large positive magnetoresistance that has been observed in the semimetallic state cannot be reproduced by a conventional two-carrier model.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics