Tweet classification toward twitter-based disease surveillance: New data, methods, and evaluations

Shoko Wakamiya, Mizuki Morita, Yoshinobu Kano, Tomoko Ohkuma, Eiji Aramaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The amount of medical and clinical-related information on the Web is increasing. Among the different types of information available, social media–based data obtained directly from people are particularly valuable and are attracting significant attention. To encourage medical natural language processing (NLP) research exploiting social media data, the 13th NII Testbeds and Community for Information access Research (NTCIR-13) Medical natural language processing for Web document (MedWeb) provides pseudo-Twitter messages in a cross-language and multi-label corpus, covering 3 languages (Japanese, English, and Chinese) and annotated with 8 symptom labels (such as cold, fever, and flu). Then, participants classify each tweet into 1 of the 2 categories: those containing a patient’s symptom and those that do not. Objective: This study aimed to present the results of groups participating in a Japanese subtask, English subtask, and Chinese subtask along with discussions, to clarify the issues that need to be resolved in the field of medical NLP. Methods: In summary, 8 groups (19 systems) participated in the Japanese subtask, 4 groups (12 systems) participated in the English subtask, and 2 groups (6 systems) participated in the Chinese subtask. In total, 2 baseline systems were constructed for each subtask. The performance of the participant and baseline systems was assessed using the exact match accuracy, F-measure based on precision and recall, and Hamming loss. Results: The best system achieved exactly 0.880 match accuracy, 0.920 F-measure, and 0.019 Hamming loss. The averages of match accuracy, F-measure, and Hamming loss for the Japanese subtask were 0.720, 0.820, and 0.051; those for the English subtask were 0.770, 0.850, and 0.037; and those for the Chinese subtask were 0.810, 0.880, and 0.032, respectively. Conclusions: This paper presented and discussed the performance of systems participating in the NTCIR-13 MedWeb task. As the MedWeb task settings can be formalized as the factualization of text, the achievement of this task could be directly applied to practical clinical applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere12783
JournalJournal of medical Internet research
Volume21
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2019

Keywords

  • Artificial intelligence
  • Machine learning
  • Natural language processing
  • Social media
  • Text mining

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics

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