Tumor size before image-guided brachytherapy is an important factor of local control after radiotherapy for cervical squamous cell carcinoma: analysis in cases using central shielding

Kotaro Yoshio, Hiroki Ihara, Kazuhiro Okamoto, Etsuji Suzuki, Takeshi Ogata, Soichi Sugiyama, Keiichiro Nakamura, Shoji Nagao, Hisashi Masuyama, Takao Hiraki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We analyzed the local control (LC) of cervical squamous cell carcinoma treated by computed tomography (CT)-based image-guided brachytherapy (IGBT) using central shielding (CS). We also examined the value of tumor diameter before brachytherapy (BT) as a factor of LC. In total, 97 patients were analyzed between April 2016 and March 2020. Whole-pelvic (WP) radiotherapy (RT) with CS was performed, and the total pelvic sidewall dose was 50 or 50.4 Gy; IGBT was delivered in 3-4 fractions. The total dose was calculated as the biologically equivalent dose in 2 Gy fractions, and distribution was modified manually by graphical optimization. The median follow-up period was 31.8 months (6.3-63.2 months). The 1- and 2-year LC rates were 89% and 87%, respectively. The hazard ratio was 10.11 (95% confidence interval: 1.48-68.99) for local recurrence in those with a horizontal tumor diameter ≥ 4 cm compared to those with < 4 cm before BT. In CT-based IGBT for squamous cell carcinoma, favorable LC can be obtained in patients with a tumor diameter < 4 cm before BT. However, if the tumor diameter is ≥ 4 cm, different treatment strategies such as employing interstitial-BT for dose escalation may be necessary.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)772-779
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of radiation research
Volume63
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 21 2022

Keywords

  • central shielding (CS)
  • cervical cancer
  • image-guided brachytherapy (IGBT)
  • squamous cell carcinoma
  • tumor size

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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