Tumor necrosis factor-α inhibits the stimulatory effect of luteinizing hormone and prostaglandin E2 on progesterone secretion by the bovine corpus luteum

A. Z. Szóstek, K. Lukasik, M. Majewska, M. M. Bah, R. Znaniecki, K. Okuda, D. J. Skarzynski

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Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) is involved in the tissue remodeling that occurs in the corpus luteum (CL) during its development and regression. This cytokine is also implicated in the regulation of reproduction by its actions on ovarian steroidogenic cells. The aim of this study was to examine the influence of TNF-α on (1) progesterone (P4) output by the bovine CL and on (2) the responsiveness of the CL to LH or prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) in vitro. In experiment 1, CL (days 8 to 10 of the estrous cycle) were perfused by using an in vitro microdialysis system with TNF-α (0.1, 0.5, or 1 μg/mL) alone or with TNF-α (1 μg/mL) followed by LH (1000 ng/mL) or PGE2 (2 × 10-5 M). Basal P4 release (P <0.05) was increased by TNF-α (0.5 or 1 μg/mL). Moreover, TNF-α (1 μg/mL) inhibited the stimulatory effect of LH or PGE2 on P4 output (P <0.05). In experiment 2, 4 h after intrauterine infusion of TNF-α (0.01 μg/mL or 1 μg/mL), CL (days 8 to 10 of the estrous cycle) were collected by colpotomy, cultured, and stimulated with LH (10 ng/mL) or PGE2 (10-6 M). Intrauterine infusion of TNF-α at a concentration of 1 μg/mL increased basal P4 output by CL (P <0.05). Moreover, the intrauterine infusion of TNF-α at a concentration of 0.01 μg/mL inhibited the stimulatory effect of LH or PGE2 on P4 output (P <0.05). These results indicate that TNF-α (1) does not have an effect on the autonomous, pulsatile release of P4; (2) increases P4 secretion by bovine CL with increasing doses, and (3) reduces in a dose-dependent manner the responsiveness of CL to luteotropic factors both directly (after infusion to CL) and indirectly (after intrauterine infusion).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-191
Number of pages9
JournalDomestic Animal Endocrinology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - May 2011



  • Bovine corpus luteum
  • Luteinizing hormone
  • Progesterone
  • Prostaglandin E
  • Tumor necrosis factor-α

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Endocrinology
  • Food Animals

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