We describe the treatment rationale and design of our randomized phase III study, the ACHILLES trial (Japan Registry of Clinical Trials: jRCTs031180175). The aim of this study is to investigate the superiority of afatinib over chemotherapy as first-line treatment in patients with advanced nonsquamous non–small-cell lung cancer with sensitizing uncommon or compound epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations, with the exception of de novo T790M mutations and exon 20 insertions. Eligible patients will be randomized at a 1:2 ratio to receive either chemotherapy or afatinib until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients in the chemotherapy arm will receive pemetrexed 500 mg/m2 + cisplatin 75 mg/m2 or carboplatin area under the curve (AUC) 5 or 6 every 3 weeks × 4 cycles, followed by pemetrexed 500 mg/m2 every 3 weeks. In the afatinib arm, investigators will choose the starting dose of afatinib (30 mg or 40 mg orally daily). The primary endpoint is progression-free survival. A total of 106 patients will be enrolled in this trial over a 30-month registration period with a 15-month follow-up. Enrollment began in March 2019. The results of this trial will establish the superiority of afatinib over chemotherapy in a cohort with a large variety of EGFR mutations.
- Compound mutation
- Epidermal growth factor receptor
- Non-small-cell lung cancer
- Uncommon mutation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cancer Research